Prayer Times

The second pillar of Islaam

As-salaah is from among the things that expiate minor sins as Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadhan to Ramadhan are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins.” (Saheeh Muslim, Book of Purification, #450)

Because of its great (high) importance, the salaah is the first thing that the person will be judged for (on the Day of Judgement) as was recorded from the Prophet ﷺ. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to beautify his salaah and to perform it including it’s arkhaan (pillars), wajibaat (obligations), khushoo’ (concentration) and other than that.

Prayer Times

  1. Fajr (Dawn) or Subh Prayer: It begins at the first light of the dawn of the sun, the first glow on the Eastern horizon where the sun will rise from. This is understood from the Verse, “Until the white thread (of the dawn) becomes distinguishable from the black thread.”(11) It extends until the sun begins to rise, according to the hadeeth, “And the (time of) Subh Prayer is from the first light of dawn until sunrise.”(12) This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places.
  2. Dhuhr (“Noon”) Prayer: It begins just after the sun’s zenith (or “high noon”), as soon as it begins to decline, as the scholars have unanimously agreed. (4) Its time extends until the entrance of ‘Asr Prayer, according to the hadeeth, “The (time of) Thuhr is when the sun has begun to decline, until one’s shadow is as long as his height, until the entrance of ‘Asr time.”(5)
  3. Asr (Afternoon) Prayer: As mentioned clearly in the previous hadeeth, the time of ‘Asr Prayer begins at a mid-way point between Thuhr and Maghrib, when a person’s shadow is as long as his height. (6) The time of ‘Asr extends until sunset. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, “Whoever has prayed one rak’ah (unit) of the ‘Asr Prayer before sunset has caught the (time of) ‘Asr.” (7)
  4. Maghrib (“Sunset”) Prayer: It begins after the sun has completely set, according to scholarly concensus. (8) Its time extends until the entrance of ‘Eshaa’ Prayer. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, “And the time of Maghrib Prayer extends so long as there is some glow left on the (Western) horizon.” (9) This period of time is usually a little over an hour in most places.
  5. Eshaa’ (Evening) Prayer: It begins after the last glow of the sun has left the Western horizon. Its time extends until half of the night. The Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said, “And the (time of) ‘Eshaa’ extends to half the night.”(10)

(4) Refer to: al-Mughnee (2/9).
(5) Saheeh Muslim (#612)
(6) Aboo Haneefah (may Allaah have Mercy on him) considered the time of ‘Asr to begin some time considerably after this point, however, “He has opposed the narrations and the rest of the scholars, and thus his own students opposed him in this,” as Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr said.  Refer to al-Mughnee (2/14).
(7) Saheeh Muslim (#608)
(8) Refer to: al-Mughnee (2/24).
(9) Saheeh Muslim (#612)
(10) Saheeh Muslim (#612)
(11) A translation of the meaning of Soorah al-Baqarah (2:187)
(12) Saheeh Muslim (#612)

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